My Master’s research examined the predictive value of health congruence on developmental activity levels, subjective well-being and health-care usage in a group of 346 recent retirees. The Motivational Theory of Lifespan Development was used to postulate differences in primary and secondary control striving according to various health congruence groups (Heckhausen, Wrosch, & Schulz, 2010). Multiple mixed factorial ANCOVAs and logistic regression analyses were used to determine the impact of health congruence on the five facets of developmental activities (number, frequency, importance, difficulty, ability and future intentions) using the Everyday Activities Questionnaire (Pushkar, Arbuckle, Conway, Chaikelson, & Maag, 1997), positive affect, negative affect, quantity of medications used and likelihood of hospitalization. The results indicated that good health realists experienced the most optimal outcomes over four years in terms of activity engagement, subjective well-being and health care usage. In contrast, good health pessimists showed less adaptive outcomes in terms of their subjective well-being, engaged in a lower number of activities and used a higher number of medications. Poor health optimists engaged in a higher number of activities and used fewer medications. Poor health realists were found to engage in compensatory secondary control strategies evidenced by the decline in importance of developmental activities over time (Heckhausen, Wrosch, & Schulz, 2010). These individuals also tended to exhibit the lowest level of subjective well-being and consumed more medications. The findings suggest that health congruence affects primary and secondary control striving leading to differences in activity engagement which in turn are proposed to affect subjective well-being.
Bauer, I., Wrosch, C., & Jobin, J. (2008). I’m better off than most other people: The role of social comparions for coping with regret in young adulthood. Psychology and Aging, 23(4), 800-811.
Jobin, J., 24th Annual APS Convention - Research Award Video Blog : "Perceived Stress and Cortisol Secretion: The Buffering Effects of Dispositional Optimism" - Link
Jobin, J., & Pushkar, D. (2009, August). Temporal Comparisons, Health Limitations, and Illness in Recent Retirees. Poster presented at the 117th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Ontario, CA.
Jobin, J. & Pushkar, D. (2009, Februrary). The mediating effects of temporal comparison in Recent Retirees. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Centre for Research in Human Development, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Jobin, J., & Pushkar, D. (2009, June). Predictors and Outcomes of Social Comparisons in Retirement. Poster presented at the 70th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association, Montreal, Quebec, CA.
Jobin, J., & Wrosch, C. (2009, April). Psychological Profiles Predicting Changes in Diurnal Cortisol Secretion in Older Adults. Paper presented at the 30th Annual Meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, CA.
Jobin, J., & Wrosch, C. (2008, August). Affect, Social Support and Physical Health in Older Adulthood. Poster presented at the 116th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Bauer, I., Jobin, J., & Wrosch, C. (January, 2007). I’m better off than most people my age: The protective role of regret related social comparison across lifespan. Poster presentation at the 8th Annual Meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.A.
ACADEMIC AWARDS AND ACHEIVEMENTS